Whatsapp Technology Stack
Fri 01 Sep 2023, 13:06
WhatsApp, a popular messaging application, employs a comprehensive technology stack to deliver its services. As of my last knowledge update in September 2021, here's an overview of the technology stack WhatsApp used:
- Erlang: WhatsApp's backend messaging system was primarily built using the Erlang programming language. Erlang is known for its concurrency, fault tolerance, and low-latency capabilities, making it suitable for real-time messaging applications.
- RocksDB: WhatsApp uses RocksDB as its primary storage engine for managing user data and messages. RocksDB is a high-performance, embedded key-value store optimized for flash storage.
- XMPP (Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol): WhatsApp originally used XMPP for its messaging protocol, which is designed for real-time communication.
- End-to-End Encryption: WhatsApp is known for its strong emphasis on security and privacy. It employs end-to-end encryption using the Signal Protocol, ensuring that only the sender and recipient can read the messages.
- Amazon Web Services (AWS): WhatsApp uses AWS for various infrastructure needs, including data storage, scaling, and other cloud services.
- Apple Push Notification Service (APNs) and Google Cloud Messaging (GCM): WhatsApp uses these services to deliver push notifications to users' devices when new messages arrive.
- Amazon S3: WhatsApp utilizes Amazon S3 to store and manage media files, such as images, videos, and audio clips shared between users.
- iOS and Android: WhatsApp provides native client applications for both iOS and Android platforms. These apps are built using languages like Swift (iOS) and Java/Kotlin (Android).
- WhatsApp Web: WhatsApp Web allows users to access their messages and perform actions through a web browser. It uses a QR code-based authentication mechanism to link the web interface with the mobile app.
- WebSockets: WhatsApp employs WebSockets to facilitate real-time communication between clients and the server. WebSockets enable bidirectional communication with low latency.
Video and Voice Calling:
- WebRTC: WhatsApp uses WebRTC (Web Real-Time Communication) for its video and voice calling features. WebRTC allows for peer-to-peer communication between devices.
Please note that technology stacks can evolve over time, and the information provided here might have changed since my last update. To get the most accurate and up-to-date information about WhatsApp's technology stack, I recommend referring to official resources or recent articles related to the topic.